Local Fractal Zeta Functions

The 2020 Joint Mathematics Meetings were held in Denver last week. While at the Joint Meetings, I had the opportunity to present some of my more recent work in the AMS Special on Fractal Geometry, Dynamical Systems, and Applications. Slides from the talk are available as in .pdf format.


In Fractal Zeta Functions and Fractal Drums, Lapidus et al. study the geometry of bounded subsets of Euclidean space by associating “fractal zeta functions” to these sets. These fractal zeta functions make it possible to rephrase many problems in geometry as problems in complex analysis. The theory can be generalized to a larger class of metric spaces, but the generalization relies on embeddings of a set into an ambient space of known dimension. In this talk, we introduce a notion of “local fractal zeta functions,” which have many properties analogous to those of the fractal zeta functions described by Lapidus et al., but which are defined without embeddings into an ambient space.

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Kites and Darts

My wife and I just bought a house. As part of the move, I decided to give our daughter’s room a more interesting paint job. We finally agreed on a Penrose tiling in purple and pink. It turned out rather well, if I do say so myself:

A Penrose tiling---click for a larger version.

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Fractals 6 Slides

On Saturday, I will be presenting some of my recent work, which extends Michel Lapidus’s theory of complex dimensions in \(\mathbb{R}^n\) to a larger class of homogeneous metric measure spaces. In particular, I will be discussing the complex dimensions of subsets of \(p\)-adic sets. In case they should become necessary: slides for Fractals 6.

Abstract: The higher dimensional theory of complex dimensions developed by Lapidus, Radunović, and Žubrinić provides a language for quantifying the oscillatory behaviour of the geometry of subsets of \(\mathbb{R}^n\). In this talk, we will describe how the theory can be extended to metric measure spaces that meet certain homogeneity conditions. We will provide examples from \(p\)-adic spaces and discuss the geometric information that can be recovered from the complex dimensions in these cases.

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UCR Beamer Template

For those that are interested, my UCR themed Beamer template is available here.

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Some Trig

A large portion of the “standard” precalculus curriculum consists of a rather tedious recitation of trigonometric identities. I am largely of the opinion that there are only a couple that one really needs to know—for example, the Pythagorean identity (\(\sin(\theta)^2 + \cos(\theta)^2 = 1\) for all \(\theta\)), one of the angle addition formulæ (e.g. \(\cos(\theta+\varphi) = \cos(\theta)\cos(\varphi) – \sin(\theta)\sin(\varphi)\) for all \(\theta,\varphi\)), and the law of cosines (essentially the Pythagorean theorem with a correction term) immediately come to mind as important results. In the last quarter, while teaching precalculus class, I was introduced to a couple of proofs that I had not seen before. I don’t get the impression that either proof is that unusual or original, but I do think that they are both rather slick. I’m putting them up here for future reference.

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My wife brought home a loaf bread this weekend. The nutrition label reads as follows:

I’m not entirely sure how one loaf of bread can consist of only 4.5 servings when a single serving is one ninth of a loaf. On the other hand, fractions are hard, I guess. :\

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Seminar Talk in FRG

I gave a talk last week before the Fractal Research Group at UCR. The goal was to introduce my colleagues to the Assouad dimension, and to share some of the more interesting and/or surprising results. My notes (typos and all) are available for those that are interested. During my talk, I managed to get through the sections on homogeneity and the Assouad dimension, including most of the examples involving orthogonal sequences. I did not have time to discuss the Laakso graph. As further reading, I suggest James Robinson’s Dimensions, Embeddings, and Attractors—my notes are shamelessly plagarized from chapter 9 of that volume.

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The Sphere is Weakly Dense in the Ball

Another qual question, this one dealing with Hilbert spaces and the weak topology:

Exercise: Let \(\mathcal{H}\) be an infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Show that the unit sphere \(S := \{x\in\mathcal{H} : \|x\| = 1\}\) is weakly dense in the unit ball \(B := \{x\in\mathcal{H} : \|x\| \le 1\}\).

I find this to be a really surprising and counter-intuitive result. What this exercise asks us to prove is that every point inside of the unit ball in an infinite dimensional Hilbert space is, in some sense, arbitrarily close to the boundary of that ball. This is really striking to me—how can the center of a ball be really close to the boundary of that ball? Because this result is so unexpected, I think it is worth understanding. Indeed, the arguments presented below have helped me to build some better intuition about both infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces and the weak topology.

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Nowhere Differentiable Functions

In an undergraduate analysis class, one of the first results that is generally proved after the definition of differentiability is given is the fact that differentiable functions are continuous. We can justifiably ask if the converse holds—are there examples of functions that are continuous but not differentiable? If such examples exist, how “bad” can they be?

Many examples of continuous functions that are not differentiable spring to mind immediately: the absolute value function is not differentiable at zero; a sawtooth wave is not differentiable anywhere that it changes direction; the Cantor function1I’ll (hopefully) talk more about this later. is an example of a continous function that is not differentiable on an uncountable set, though it does remain differentiable “almost everywhere.”

The goal is to show that there exist functions that are continuous, but that are nowhere differentiable. In fact, what we actually show is that the collection of such functions is, in some sense, quite large and that the set of functions that are differentiable—even if only at a single point—is quite small. First, we need a definition and an important result.

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An Elementary Duality Result

The following problem is a fairly straightforward exercise that seems to come up fairly often on qualifying exams at UCR, and I think that I finally have a nicely argued proof. I am going to put it up here mostly for my own edification. Please note that the following is intended largely for an audience of advanced undergraduate or graduate students. I will be making no effort to give all of the required background, and assume some knowledge of the theory of Lebesgue integration and \(L^p\)-spaces.

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